- Christian population
- Other religions
- Other nations
CHRISTIANITY IN ARMENIA
Baptism of Trdat III
Christianity appeared in Armenia in the I century AD. er when, according to legend, the apostles of Jesus Christ Thaddeus and Bartholomew preached in the country, the latter are considered the founders of the Armenian Apostolic Church. At the beginning of the 4th century (the traditional date is 301), King Trdat III proclaimed Christianity the state religion, thus Armenia became the first Christian state in the world.
According to the 2011 Armenian census, 92.6% of the population belongs to the Armenian Apostolic Church, 1.0% of the population belongs to the Protestant Armenian Evangelical Church, 0.5% belong to the Armenian Catholic Church, 0.3% belong to the denomination of Jehovah’s Witnesses ( which differs from both traditional Christian churches and Protestant churches, 0.25% Orthodox, 0.1% belong to the Molokans spiritual-Christian denomination, and an unknown number of Christians in the census data are categorized as “others” (totaling 0.26 % of population with countries), which in addition to Christians includes Muslims, Judaists and a number of other non-Christian religions. Thus, a little less than 95% of the population of the country belong to Christianity.
In the census, the Yezidis were qualified as an independent ethnos, and their traditional religion in the officially published census figures is called “Sharfadin”. Of the 35,308 ethnic Yezidis, 69% (24,518 people) belong to the Sharfanid religion, and 31% of ethnic Kurds (682 people) also belong to the Sharfanid religion. In total, 25,204 followers of the Sharfanid religion live in Armenia (0.83% of the country’s population). Yezidis mostly live in the villages of Aragatsotn, northwest of Yerevan. On September 29, 2012, the Ziarat Yezidi temple was solemnly opened and consecrated in the Armenian province of Armavir. This is the first temple built outside the original Yazidi homeland – northern Iraq, designed to satisfy the spiritual needs of the Yezidis of Armenia.
FREEDOM OF RELIGION IN ARMENIA
The Armenian Apostolic Church, which has official legal status as a national church, enjoys certain privileges inaccessible to other religious groups.
The Armenian Apostolic Church is one of the Oriental Orthodox churches, which also include the Coptic, Ethiopian, Eritrean, Syrian and Malankara Orthodox churches.